What is Micro-sclerotherapy?

Micro-sclerotherapy is the injection of a sterile chemical into blood vessels using small needles, causing inflammation and irritation, leading to scarring of the inner lining of the vessel. This then causes the vessel to shrink, collapse, harden or close up and eventually fade away, which resolves the cosmetic problem. Several sessions may be required to obtain maximum results.

What are thread veins?

Thread veins or telangiectasia, also commonly referred to as spider veins or broken capillaries, are small superficial veins frequently found in the legs. Around 1 in 4 women are thought to suffer from telangiectasia, which appears as small red, blue or purple lines under the surface of the skin. They are caused by weak vascular walls and inefficient circulation. Whilst they are not a health problem, they can look unsightly and may cause some mild symptoms such as itching, heaviness, night cramps or aching).

They start as tiny capillaries and may be isolated or associated with ‘feeder’ veins or with larger, more underlying varicose veins.

They can appear in three forms:

⦁ A spider shape that has a group of veins radiating from a central point
⦁ A pattern of veins that resemble the branches of a tree
⦁ Linear patterns of thin separated lines.

What contributes to the development of spider veins?

Various factors may contribute to the onset and appearance of spider veins. These include:

⦁ Pregnancy
⦁ Heredity factors
⦁ Hormones
⦁ Weight gain
⦁ Trauma
⦁ Occupations or activities that involve long periods of sitting or standing.

Blood circulation is carried out through the healthy veins that are located deeper within the body, making these problem veins redundant, and they can be removed and treated safely.

How does sclerotherapy work?

Sclerotherapy is the injection of a sclerosing solution into the veins using a very small needle. Once injected, the solution irritates the cells of the lining of the vein wall called the endothelium. The irritation, inflammation and damage are further treated through compression, which causes the vein walls to seal together so that they can no longer transport blood.